Homo erectus skull, plaster cast
R. F. Damon and Co (estab. 1850)
Plaster cast of a partial Homo erectus skull. The original skull has been dated at between 700,000 and 2,000,000 years old and is the type specimen for this species. It was found by palaeoanthropologist Eugène Dubois in 1891 along the Solo River near Trinil in East Java, Indonesia. After its discovery, the identity and evolutionary place of Homo erectus was controversial, but is now generally accepted as a direct ancestor of modern humans. These casts were bought by the Anatomy Department in c. 1909 to use as teaching specimens in classes on human anatomy and evolution.