Direct transfusion pump

Julian Augustus Romaine Smith (b.1873, d.1947)
Circa 1930-1940
A circular metal pump with single roller and rotating handle. Metal clamp, file, three stilettes, two small glass tubes, bolt adjuster, and tin of small trocars and stilettes (not a set), are included with the pump.

In 1939 Julian Augustus Romaine Smith was a retired surgeon, and the advent of World War II initiated a renewed interest in blood transfusion. A rotary pump had been developed and was in use, which depended on the serial compression of a rubber tube. Smith made additions and refinements to this device, and in Australia, the pump came to bear his name.

The pump was clamped to a bench reaching between beds or stretchers on which a blood donor and recipient were lying. The pump was operated manually and required an operator and skilled assistant to share the various steps in the procedure.
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Object detail

Other Maker
Dr Julian A R Smith (b.1873, d.1947) ▫ item
Three Arrow Mark ▫ box
plated metals, stainless steel, glass, rubber
10.5 x 14.3 x 10.2 cm (pump)
Accession Number
maker's mark ▫ printed on box top: 'ORIGINAL-RECORD/(logo)/THREE ARROW MARK/MADE IN GERMANY'
specifications/maker's mark ▫ impressed on size 8 trocar: '8' x four times
specifications/maker's mark ▫ impressed on pin handle for size 8 trocar: '8'
specifications/maker's mark ▫ impressed on size 9 trocar: '9' x four times
specifications/maker's mark ▫ impressed on pin handle for size 9 trocar: '9'
scale/inscriptions ▫ impressed on surface of pump's flywheel, next to graduation markings: '2/(-)/8' (visible)
Object Type
Medical History Museum Category


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