Design for Sanatoria: Report of the NAPT Architectural Committee
1. The National Association of the Prevention of Tuberculosis Architectural Committee (estab. 1899)
2. The National Association of the Prevention of Tuberculosis (estab. 1899)
3. Rouel's Bookshop
4. Waterlow and Sons (estab. 1810, closed 2009)
Report on the architectural design needs of a sanatorium for the medical treatment of people who are recovering or have tuberculosis.
The National Association of the Prevention of Tuberculosis was founded in 1899.
Tuberculosis sanatoria arose out of a therapeutic concept, the curability of consumption by open-air living. The main criteria for the treatment of this ailment was rest, fresh air and sunshine and good food for those who could afford them.
After 1943, when Albert Schatz, then a graduate student at Rutgers University, discovered streptomycin, an antibiotic and the first cure for tuberculosis, sanatoria began to close. By the 1950s, tuberculosis was no longer a major public health threat; it was controlled by antibiotics rather than extended rest.
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