Cast splint and model
Kenneth Russell (b.1885, d.1945)
A cream and orange painted plaster model with a cast splint of the remaining anterior teeth, the right two cuspids and molar, and the left cuspids. There is a thickish palatal bar to support two vulcanite extensions, and a curved wire bar at the front to support the anterior lip with a compound that would be attached. The two vulcanite palatal extensions would support the soft palate to aid the patient's breathing. To fit the appliance, the hollows left by the patient's missing teeth would be filled with a soft cement onto which the appliance would be placed, with the small holes in the appliance allowing excess cement to squeeze out. The appliance would have been used to treat the loss of soft tissue at the front of the mouth and some nerve damage that caused the soft palate to collapse, requiring support to aid in breathing and swallowing. This indicates serious nerve damage, most likely the case of a soldier suffering from gunshot wounds to the head and face.
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