Upper and lower model and gunning splint
Kenneth Russell (b.1885, d.1945)
A painted plaster model showing an upper and lower vulcanite gunning splint with extensions to support the soft palate. The splints were made to support the jaws in the correct vertical and occlusial relationship, for which they have locking grooves - they were made to lock vertically so that the chin was in correct relationship with the nose, and the front and back of the jaw were correctly aligned. The gunning splint was used in the treatment of soldiers suffering from gunshot wounds to the head and face. The patient in this case had lost all the teeth (possibly before the war), and had then suffered a simple fracture or fracture to the jaw and damage to the soft palate or its nerve supply. This was fairly common treatment for patients who had lost all of their teeth. The plaster model is in three parts, and the vulcanite gunning splints are detachable.
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